Stock Items are purchased or sold on the basis of quantity. The quantity is measured by Units. Hence, it is necessary to create Units of Measure. You can have simple units such as numbers, meters, kilograms, and pieces or compound units like box of 10 pieces [1box =10 pieces]
Go to Gateway of Tally > Inventory Info. > Units of Measure
Creating Simple Units of Measure
Stock Items are mainly purchased and sold on the basis of quantity. The quantity in turn is measured by units. In such cases, it is necessary to create the Unit of Measure. The Units of Measure can either be simple or compound. Examples of simple units are: nos., metres, kilograms, pieces etc.
To create Simple Units of Measure,
Go to Gateway of Tally > Inventory Info > Units of Measure > Create
The Unit Creation screen is displayed as shown.
A brief explanation of each field in the Unit Creation screen is given below:
This field will show the Type of Units.
Simple units are nos, pcs, etc. Compound unit is a combination of two simple units.
By default Tally.ERP 9 will show the Simple unit for creating the unit of measure.
You can select the Compound Units by clicking on that field or by using SHIFT+TAB [cursor will go to the previous field].
Define the symbol of the unit, e.g., Nos. This symbol is used in all displays and printouts.
Specify the formal name of the symbol, e.g. Numbers. This formal name is useful during the consolidation of data of different companies, where the symbols might be the same but are assigned to different units. The formal name will be used to match them.
Number of decimal places
In this field you can specify the decimal places for the Units from 0 to 4. This field is useful for Units measured in fractions.
Kilogram unit. 1.255 Kgs, here 1 is for Kg and fraction 255 is for gram. For this unit, number of decimal places required is 3.
Displaying a Units of Measure
You can display the existing Units of Measure, since it is only display Tally.ERP 9 does not allow you to alter any information in display mode.
To display Units of Measure,
Go to Gateway of Tally > Inventory Info. > Units of Measure > Display
Select the Unit of Measure you would like to view from the Units list. You can select a compound unit or a simple unit from the list.