11/09/2017

Errors made in GSTR-3B could be corrected in regular returns GSTR-1 and GSTR-2; Govt. clarifies

SECTION 37, READ WITH SECTIONS 38 AND 39, OF THE CENTRAL GOODS AND SERVICES TAX ACT, 2017, READ WITH RULES 59 TO 61 OF THE CENTRAL GOODS AND SERVICES TAX RULES, 2017 - RETURN, FURNISHING OF - FURNISHING OF DETAILS OF OUTWARD SUPPLIES - SYSTEM BASED RECONCILIATION OF INFORMATION FURNISHED IN FORM GSTR-1 AND FORM GSTR-2 WITH FORM GSTR-3B
CIRCULAR NO.7/7/2017-GSTDATED 1-9-2017


Sections 37, 38 and section 39 of the CGST Act, 2017 (hereinafter referred to as 'the Act') read with rules 59, 60 and 61 of the CGST Rules, 2017 (hereinafter referred to as 'the Rules') require every registered person to furnish details of outward supplies made in a month in FORM GSTR-1, details of inward supplies received in a month in FORM GSTR-2 and a return in FORM GSTR-3 by the 10th, 15th and 20th of the next month respectively. Keeping in view that taxpayers may face certain issues in the initial days after the introduction of GST, the GST Council extended the date for filing of FORM GSTR-1 and FORM GSTR-2 for the months of July and August, 2017 and approved the filing of a simplified return in FORM GSTR-3B for these two months by the notified due dates after making the due payment of tax.
Errors made in GSTR-3B could be corrected in regular returns GSTR-1 and GSTR-2; Govt. clarifies
2. Registered persons opting to utilize transitional credit available under section 140 of the Act read with the rules made thereunder for discharging the tax liability for the month of July, 2017 were required to file FORM GST TRAN -1 on or before 28th August, 2017. This transitional credit was to be credited to the electronic credit ledger and be available for discharging the tax liability.
3. As per the provisions of sub-rule (5) of rule 61 of the Rules, the return in FORM GSTR-3B was required to be furnished when the due dates for filing of FORM GSTR-1 and FORM GSTR-2 have been extended. After the return in FORM GSTR-3B has been furnished, the process of reconciliation between the information furnished in FORM GSTR-3B with that furnished in FORM GSTR-1 and FORM GSTR-2 would be carried out in accordance with the provisions of sub-rule (6) of rule 61 of the Rules.
4. The detailed procedure for reconciliation of information furnished in FORM GSTR-3 and FORM GSTR-3B is detailed in succeeding paras.
Furnishing of information in FORM GSTR- 1 & FORM GSTR-2
5. It may be noted that after the registered person has filed his return in FORM GSTR- 3B and the statement of outward supplies in FORM GSTR-1, the inward supplies shall be auto drafted for all registered persons (corresponding recipients of supply) and made available to them in FORM GSTR-2A as per sub-rule (3) of rule 59 of the Rules. FORM GSTR-2A is the exact replica of FORM GSTR-2 containing only those details that are auto-populated from the details furnished in FORM GSTR-1 by the corresponding suppliers. Based on the details communicated in FORM GSTR-2A, the registered person shall prepare the statement of inward supplies in FORM GSTR-2 by:—
a.adding, deleting or modifying the invoice level details communicated in FORM GSTR-2A;
b.adding information pertaining to details that are required to be furnished in GSTR-2 but are not part of FORM GSTR-2A like details of imports, details of supplies attracting reverse charge that have been received by registered person;
c.providing details of supplies received from composition suppliers and exempt, nil-rated & non GST inward supplies;
d.providing details of advances paid on inward supplies attracting reverse charge, if any, along with adjustments;
e.providing details of reversal of ITC as per the provisions of rules 37, 39, 42 and 43 of the Rules, if any; and
f.providing HSN wise summary details of inward supplies.
Correction of erroneous details furnished in FORM GSTR-3B
6. In case the registered person intends to amend any details furnished in FORM GSTR- 3B, it may be done in the FORM GSTR-1 or FORM GSTR-2, as the case may be. For example, while preparing and furnishing the details in FORM GSTR-1, if the outward supplies have been under reported or excess reported in FORM GSTR-3B, the same may be correctly reported in the FORM GSTR-1. Similarly, if the details of inward supplies or the eligible ITC have been reported less or more than what they should have been, the same may be reported correctly in the FORM GSTR-2. This will get reflected in the revised output tax liability or eligible ITC, as the case may be, of the registered person. The details furnished in FORM GSTR-1 and FORM GSTR-2 will be auto-populated and reflected in the return in FORM GSTR-3 for that particular month.
Action on the system-based reconciliation
7. After the registered person has furnished the statement of inward supplies in FORM GSTR-2 by the extended date, the common portal shall auto-draft Part-A of the return in FORM GSTR-3 for the said month based on the information furnished in FORM GSTR-1 and FORM GSTR-2. Based on the revised figures of output tax liability and eligible input tax credit, Table 12 of Part B of FORM GSTR-3 shall be made available. The common portal would populate the correct figures of tax payable in column (2) of Table 12 of FORM GSTR- 3, based on the information furnished in FORM GSTR-1 and FORM GSTR-2. The tax paid through the electronic cash ledger and electronic credit ledger in the return in FORM GSTR- 3B shall be displayed by the system in columns (3) to (7) of the Table 12 of Part B of FORM GSTR-3. Where there is no difference between the details of output tax liability and eligible input tax credit furnished in FORM GSTR-3B and the details furnished in FORM GSTR-1 and FORM GSTR-2, the amount of tax payable and tax paid shall be the same in FORM GSTR-3B and FORM GSTR-3. The person can sign and submit FORM GSTR-3 without any additional payment of tax.
Additional payment of taxes
8. Where the tax payable by a registered person as per FORM GSTR-3is more than what has been paid as per FORM GSTR-3B, the common portal would show another instance of Table 12 for making additional payment of taxes, in accordance with the mandate of clause (b) of sub-rule (6) of rule 61. As the tax payable in column (2) of Table 12 of FORM GSTR-3 is more than what was shown in FORM GSTR-3B, the additional amount of tax payable can be paid by debiting the electronic cash or credit ledger as per the provisions contained in section 49 of the Act along with applicable interest on delayed payment of tax starting from 26th day of August, 2017 till the date of debit in the electronic cash or credit ledger. If the eligible ITC claimed by the person in FORM GSTR-2 is less than the ITC claimed and utilised by the registered person in FORM GSTR-3B, the same would be added to his output tax liability and shall have to be paid by him along with interest by debiting the electronic cash or credit ledger as per the provisions contained in section 49 of the Act before submitting the return in FORM GSTR-3 to complete the process. It may be noted that where the transitional credit as declared in FORM GST TRAN-1 is credited to the electronic credit ledger, the same can be utilised for the payment of the said additional tax liability.
Additional claim of eligible ITC
9. Where the eligible ITC claimed by the taxpayer in FORM GSTR-3B is less that the ITC eligible as per the details furnished in FORM GSTR-2, the additional amount of ITC shall be credited to the electronic credit ledger of the registered person when he submits the return in FORM GSTR-3 (in accordance with clause (c) of sub-rule (6) of rule 61). However, simultaneously, if there is an increase in the output tax liability, the registered person can utilise this additional amount of ITC eligible as per the details furnished in FORM GSTR-2 along with the balance in the electronic cash ledger, if required, for the payment of the increased output tax liability and submit his return in FORM GSTR-3.
Reduction in output tax liability
10. Where the output tax liability of the registered person as per the details furnished in FORM GSTR-1 and FORM GSTR-2 is less than the output tax liability as per the details furnished in the FORM GSTR-3B and the same is not offset by a corresponding reduction in the input tax credit to which he is entitled, the excess shall be carried forward to the next month's return to be offset against the output liability of the next month by the taxpayer when he signs and submits the return in FORM GSTR-3. However, simultaneously, if there is a decrease in the eligible input tax credit, the same will be adjusted against the above mentioned reduction in output tax liability and the balance, if any, of the reduction in output tax liability shall be carried forward to the next month's return to be offset against the output liability of the next month.
Submission of GSTR-3B without payment of taxes
11. Where, for some reasons, the registered person has only submitted the return in FORM GSTR-3B and has not made the payment of taxes by debiting the same from his electronic cash or credit ledger, the return shall still be subjected to the reconciliation process as detailed above. Such registered person should furnish the details in FORM GSTR-1,
FORM GSTR-2 and sign and submit the return in FORM GSTR-3 along with the payment of the due taxes as per the provisions of section 49 of the Act. However, since the payment was not made on or before the due date, the registered person shall be liable for payment of interest on delayed payment of tax starting from 26th day of August, 2017 till the date of debit in the electronic cash and/or credit ledger but will not be liable to pay any late fee provided the requisite return in FORM GSTR-3B was submitted on or before the due date.
12. Where the registered person has not submitted the return in FORM GSTR-3B, he is required to furnish the details in FORM GSTR-1 and FORM GSTR-2 and sign and submit the return in FORM GSTR-3 along with the payment of the due taxes as per the provisions of section 49 of the Act. However, since the payment was not made on or before the due date, the registered person shall be liable for payment of interest on delayed payment of tax starting from 26th day of August, 2017 till the date of debit in the electronic cash and/or credit ledger. No late fee, however, would be levied for late filing of return in terms of section 47 of the Act, in accordance with the recommendation of the GST Council, as notified vide Notification No. 28/2017-Central tax, dated 1-9-2017.
Processing of information furnished
13. After submission of the information in FORM GSTR-1 and FORM GSTR-2, the process of matching as per sections 41, 42 and 43 of the Act read with rules 69 to 76 of the Rules shall be carried out as if these details were submitted in the regular course. Any amendment in the details furnished in FORM GSTR-1 and GSTR-2 shall be done following the procedure laid down under sub-section (3) of section 37 and sub-section (5) of section 38 of the Act respectively. The return shall be considered to be a valid return when the tax payable as per FORM GSTR-3 has been paid in full after which the return shall be taken up for matching.
14. It is requested that suitable trade notices may be issued to publicize the contents of this circular.
15. Difficulty, if any, in implementation of the above instructions may please be brought to the notice of the Board.

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