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Transfer of Immovable Property & Income Tax – Full Analysis

Government of India has Introduce a new area for collection of Tax at source with effect from 1st June 2013 known as TDS on Transfer of Immovable Property. The intention behind the Introduction of TDS is to put check on Realty Sector and to ensure reporting of sale / purchase of Immovable property which were earlier not reported anywhere or reported at later stage i.e. after the end of the financial year in which actual transaction was taken place.
Since major portion of India’s population still following the Tradition of holding land/ properties as their status symbol and making sale of it only when there is urgent requirement of money. So in this arena, it is important for every individual to understand the implications of this move and how they would actually be impacted when they go to purchase or sale of an immovable property. 

What to be included  
The applicability of the provisions are a significant part of the process and for this purpose it is very clear that the new tax deduction at source will have to be made for immovable property. This will then broadly include land and house property and which is also an area where a lot of investments are taking place.
What to be excluded 
The term immovable property by itself ensures that various movable property like vehicles and other assets are excluded from the list. There is one more specific exclusion present in the process and this is that of agricultural land so while other types of land will be included under the definition the agricultural  land would be excluded.

Value on Which TDS applicable 
When the transaction value is over 50 Lacs TDS shall be applicable on that. So there is a built in provision for the protection of the small individual as they will not be covered in the bracket of 50 lakhs. However another angle to the entire situation is that the prices of properties has risen so much in the last few years that even in smaller cities it is not surprising to find that the value of the property crosses the Rs. 50 Lacs mark.

Responsible for TDS & rate of TDS 
The next question that arises in the process is about the responsibility for making the TDS. In this case this has been put squarely on the shoulders of the transferee/ buyer. This means that the person who will get the ownership of the immovable property would have to fulfill the conditions. The person is the buyer who will actually make the necessary payment to the seller and then take the possession of the property. The rate at which the deduction has to be made is important because this is fixed at 1 percent but if there is no submission of the PAN then this could have to be done at 20 percent.
Compliance requirement 
Usually complying with the requirements for the tax deduction at source is very complicated and involves a lot of procedures. This involves getting the tax deduction at source number (TAN) which is like a PAN for those who are actually deducting the tax. The tax that has been deducted has to be deposited with in the specified time and then a return has to be filed.
In this case there is an online form for making the TDS payment. Details required for the form will include the PAN of both the parties, their addresses along with the address of the property and the amount of the tax. In this case there would be a situation wherein the TDS could be a one-time action because there will be people who are not normally covered under these provisions but they have to make the deduction for this purpose. The requirement for TAN has been done away with and even the return filing process has been simplified so this should provide some relief for the individual.

However for people who have never done this before it might seem to be a difficult task and they might require some professional help in completion of the process. Knowing the details and the fine print is important so that there are no mistakes that are made when it is actually completed.


A look at several of the conditions related to this provision will ensure that there is a proper way in which the details are considered and this will also help in ensuring that the conditions related to the TDS are met and fulfilled so that there shall not be any issue arise in relation to default at the later stage.

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