Section 80G of the
Indian Income Tax
All the Salaried employees among us
would be busy submitting investment declarations or proposed investments to
their respective employers to avail tax exemptions. One of the less commonly used sections of our Income Tax is “Section 80G”. Not many
of us know about this Section and most importantly most of us don’t even use
it. The purpose of this article is to throw some light on this section.
Section 80G of the Indian Income
Tax Act of 1961 provides tax
relief to the Citizens of India on the amounts donated as contributions to
Approved Charitable Organizations. This means that, money that we donate to
charitable organizations can be used to avail income tax exemption.
Who can Utilize Section 80G?
Any person, who earns an Income in India
and files his Tax
Returns in India
is eligible to utilize this Section 80G.
Contributions to Political Parties in India or to any Charitable
Organizations abroad are not eligible for Section 80G exemptions. Only donations made to prescribed organizations and
institutions qualify for deduction.
Also, donation in Cash only is eligible for tax benefits. Any donations you do in kind like clothes, food etc
is not eligible for deduction. So, if you visited an Orphanage and took up the
food cost of all the residents for a week by spending Rs.
50,000/- this noble deed of yours will not get you any tax exemptions.
“All donations are not eligible for tax benefits. Tax benefits can be claimed only on specific donations i.e. those made to approved
institutions and that too only when done by Cash or Cheque.”
Documents Required Availing the Exemption:
A signed & stamped receipt issued by the Charitable Institution is
Mandatory to avail exemption under this Section. The most important requirement
is the Registration number issued by the Income Tax Department
under Section 80G. This number must be printed on the receipt. Without this the
receipt is “Not Valid”
The Receipt must have your name in exactly the same format/spelling as in your
PAN Card. Also, the amount donated must be written in both numbers and words.
Maximum Allowed Deduction under Section 80G:
Though donations to charitable institutions are a noble
cause, there is an upper limit on how much amount we donate can be used for tax exemptions. The general rule is
“50% of the amount donated subject to a maximum of 10% of the Total
Taxable Income of the Individual can be donated and exempted under Section 80G
of the Indian Income Tax act of 1961”.
A point to note is that, any donations done beyond the allowed limit is not
considered for tax purposes.
However, there are some donations,
where this limit of 50% of the donation does not apply. So, such donations can be exempt from your Tax Liability
to the full amount (Subject to the 10% upper limit however)
For ex: If you donated Rs. 1.5 lakhs to the Prime Minister’s Relief Fund, 100%
of your donation is eligible for tax
exemption with an upper limit of
10% of your total salary. So, if your net taxable salary is 10 lakhs per year,
1 lakh of your donation will be considered for tax purposes and your total
taxable salary will come down to 9 lakhs. But, the additional Rs. 50,000/- will
not be considered for your tax calculation.
If you had done the same Rs. 1.5 lakhs donation to a registered NGO in your
locality, then only 50% of the amount which is Rs. 75,000/- is exempt from tax.
So, your total taxable salary will become Rs. 9.25 lakhs.
Donations that Qualify for
Donations done to Government
Trusts/Funds like “The Prime Ministers National Relief Fund” or
“The National Defense Fund” or “The Gujarat Chief Ministers
Earthquake Relief Fund” etc qualify for this full 100% exemption. The list
is very long and almost all of the Government Owned/Run Charitable Foundations
feature in this list.
Private Charitable Institutions do not come under this category. The limit of
50% as explained in the previous paragraph is applicable for donations done to private charities.
To Wrap Up, Donating
to Charity is a Noble Deed
and if that donation provides us with tax exemptions,
then its even better. So, if you are one of those noble tax payers, who take
pride in donating to Charitable Institutions, do it with your Head Held High
and don’t forget to Avail your Tax
(n) to the National Sports Fund to be set up by the Central Government (Sec 80G(2)(a)(iiihg)
The donations must be to those approved institutions or funds established in India for a charitable purpose and fulfilling the conditions prescribed under the Income Tax Act, (Sec 80G(2)(a)(iv);
Donations made by an assessee to association or institution having as its object the control, supervision, regulation or encouragement in India of notified games or sports will be regarded as donations made to institutions established in India for a charitable purpose and will qualify for deduction u/s 80G (Explanation 4 to Sec. 80G)
Donation to any corporation referred to in Section 10(26BB) (Sec 80G(2)(a)(via) and only donations in form of money and not in kind will qualify for dedeuction (Explanation 5 to Sec. 80G)