05/06/2015

Income Tax return: No relief for Indian citizens with foreign assets

Summary Income Tax return: No relief for Indian citizens with foreign assets
The Income Tax Department will retain the detailed questions on foreign assets and income of resident Indian citizens in the revised tax return forms, to be issued shortly. The relaxation announced by the finance ministry on Sunday pertains only to expatriates, who would be required to disclose foreign assets acquired before their India stint only if those assets do not yield income in the year for which return is filed. Resident Indian citizens are excluded from this relief.

“In the absence of disclosure by taxpayers, the department will have to issue notices seeking clarification every time information is received on the foreign assets and income of a resident Indian citizen from other nations under information exchange agreements. An upfront disclosure of such assets and income would spare the assessee from such notices,” said a person familiar with the department’s move.

The finance ministry announced that the revised tax return forms to be notified soon will not have the prying questions on foreign travel details and balances in bank accounts of assesses that were originally sought in ITR2 when it was brought out last month. The ministry’s statement however, remained conspicuously silent on the expanded list of questions on foreign assets and income of resident Indian citizens that were also introduced in ITR2 to be filed by individuals having income from more than one house property but do not have income from business or profession.

Sources said that everything that has not been specifically excluded in the ministry’s statement would be retained. The ITR2 brought out last month increased the depth of foreign asset and income reporting. In the case of immovable property abroad, for example, the number columns to give additional information was increased to 10 from three given in the return for 2014-15 assessment year.

Similarly, the scope of foreign bank account details to be disclosed in the return for 2015-16 assessment year too was widened to include the interest accrued in those accounts and the amount offered to tax in India. In the return for the year before, assessees were asked to disclose only the name of the account holder, account number, bank address and the peak balance. Also, in the case of financial interest in a foreign entity, reporting requirement has been expanded to include the nature of interest, date since it has been held, the income accrued, its nature and the amount offered to tax in India under the return. The same is true in the case of trusts set up outside the country too.

While seeking information about foreign assets of resident Indian citizens from other countries under tax treaties is a routine practice, the tax administration recently decided to also seek help of other nations to recover tax dues by attaching foreign assets of defaulters. In nearly half of the 94 double tax avoidance agreements (DTAA) and in some of the 15 tax information exchange agreements (TIEA) India has with other countries, there are provisions to seek such assistance. This is possible only in cases where the defaulter has no further legal recourse available in India to prevent the recovery of the tax dues by way of attaching assets, had these been located in India.

Taxpayers have time till August 31, 2015 to file returns as per the revised forms. E-filing software would be ready in the tax department’s website by June 3.


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